Azoospermia: Causes Of No Production Of Sperm And Its Treatment

Obstructive And Non-Obstructive Azoospermia
Male infertility

Azoospermia: Causes Of No Production Of Sperm And Its Treatment

  • June 8, 2022

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Non-Obstructive Azoospermia

Non-obstructive azoospermia happens from hormonal abnormalities or some other disorder that can affect spermatogenesis. It is basically a process wherein it develops mature cells. Genetic abnormalities such as Klinefelter Syndrome or Y chromosome abnormalities are the real cause of this type of azoospermia. Or it can happen due to other reasons such as infection, cancer, trauma, or even radiation.

Until recently, these are the type of men experts considered to be irreversibly sterile. But with new technology and more studies, it is now a known fact that there is an availability of sperm in the testes despite it not being present in the ejaculation. With the help of Testicular Sperm Extraction (an azoospermia treatment in Ludhiana), the doctor can successfully retrieve the sperm from the testes for the IVF (In vitro fertilization) or ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection) treatment.

Obstructive Azoospermia

In obstructive azoospermia, the production of the sperm is pretty standard. But there is an obstruction that stops the transportation of the sperm, which happens via a post-testicular ductal system. Obstructive azoospermia affects almost 40 percent of the total population of the patients. The reason behind suffering from obstructive azoospermia is abnormalities from birth that includes the absence of vas deferens or even acquired blockage, especially after vasectomy. Some of the other causes of obstructive azoospermia include ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO), which can result from prostatic calcification, chronic prostatitis, and even compression of the ducts with the help of a cyst in the seminal vesicle or prostate.

The best urologist near DMC Ludhiana, will help you diagnose the cause and treat it accordingly.

Let us now move towards the treatment of azoospermia.

What Is The Treatment For Azoospermia?

The urologist near SPS Ludhiana will first diagnose the real cause of the azoospermia. Without learning the real reason behind the issues, the doctor will not be able to find the proper treatment for the problem. Counseling and genetic testing are some of the most necessary parts of understanding as well as treating azoospermia. Some of the treatments for this concern include:

  • In case the cause of the azoospermia is the blockage, then the doctor will perform a surgery wherein it unblocks the tubes and also reconstruct and join the never developed or abnormal tube.

  • In case the real cause of azoospermia is hormone production, then the specialist might give a hormone treatment. Some of the hormones include follicle-stimulating hormones such as (FSH), clomiphene, human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), anastrozole, and letrozole.

  • If the real cause of low sperm production is varicocele, then the doctor can tie the problem veins off in a surgical method while simultaneously keeping the surrounding structures preserved.

  • The doctor can retrieve the sperm directly from the testicular of the man with the help of a biopsy in some men.

The doctor can retrieve the living sperm from the testes, vas deferens, or epididymis if the sperm is present. The patient undergoes this surgery for assisted pregnancy procedures such as IVF, ICSI, or IUI.

For All Intents And Purposes

Book your appointment right away if you are suffering from azoospermia and treat it under the guidance of a skilled urologist.