What are the acute kidney failure symptoms and causes?


What are the acute kidney failure symptoms and causes?

  • June 24, 2020


What is acute kidney failure?

Acute kidney failure (acute renal failure or acute kidney injury) occurs when the kidney is not able to filter waste products from the blood. When the kidney is not able to function properly, harmful waste levels can accumulate, and the blood chemicals can get out of the balance.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms and signs of acute kidney failure that includes:

  • Decreased urine output, although occasionally urine output remains normal
  • Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Seizures or coma in severe cases

In some cases, kidney failure does not leave signs or symptoms, so it is essential to get lab tests to find the exact reason.
If you have these symptoms then consult the doctor right away to learn what treatment plan you need to get.

What are the causes?

Impaired blood flow to the kidneys
There are certain conditions and diseases which slow down the blood flow to the kidney and can lead to kidney injury that includes:

  • Blood or fluid loss
  • Blood pressure medications
  • Heart attack
  • Heart disease
  • Use of aspirin and ibuprofen
  • Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
  • Severe burns
  • Infection
  • Liver failure
  • Severe dehydration

Damage to the kidneys

  • Blood clots in the veins and arteries in and around the kidneys
  • Cholesterol deposits which block the flow of blood to the kidneys
  • Glomerulonephritis, kidney tiny filters can get inflamed.
  • Infection
  • Medications like chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, and dyes used during imaging tests
  • Scleroderma (problem affecting the skin and connective tissues)
  • Rare blood disorder
  • Lupus, an immune system disorder which results in glomerulonephritis
  • Alcohol consumption, heavy metals, and cocaine
  • Muscle tissue breakdown
  • Breakdown of tumor cells which leads to kidney injury

Urine blockage in the kidneys

  • Bladder cancer
  • Blood clots in the urinary tract
  • Nerve damage which also controls the bladder
  • Prostate cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Kidney stones

What are the top things which prevent kidney stones?

  • June 22, 2020


Where do kidney stones come from?

Kidney stones are formed due to certain substances like oxalate, calcium, and uric acid that get concentrated, and then they form crystals in the kidney. The crystals become larger. Mostly, 80 to 85 percent of kidney stones are made from calcium.


Topmost steps to bypass Kidney stones

Given below are some of the helpful tips that can help to prevent kidney stone:

  • Drink as much water as you can : One of the studies has shown that if people drink 2 to 2.5 liters of urine daily the chances of getting kidney stones are less than 50 percent. It means you need to drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water daily.
  • Add lemons in your diet : One of the studies has shown that citric acid when combined with calcium helps in preventing stone formation. It is best to drink 1/2cup of lemon juice diluted in water every day. Lemon juice will help in increasing uric citrate and reduce the risk of kidney stones.
  • Keep a check on sodium intake : Diet in high-sodium is likely to increase the risk of kidney stones as it leads to increased levels of calcium in the urine. Ideally, the sodium intake in a day should be limited to 2300 milligrams. If you have faced kidney stone issues in the past then reduce the sodium intake to 1500 mg.
  • Reduce animal protein : Eating too much animal protein like eggs, seafood, and meat increases uric acid. If you have faced the problem in the past then reduce the meat intake in a day.
  • Do not take high-oxalate Food : High-oxalate food options include beets, almonds, and spinach. If you want to have them then opt for low-oxalate food like berries and chocolates
    If you want to learn more tips on how to prevent the issue and what will give you the best results then consult the doctor.