What are the foremost tips to avoid kidney damage for better health?

kidney failurekidney healthKidney Problem

What are the foremost tips to avoid kidney damage for better health?

  • September 1, 2020



The kidneys are one of the body’s unsung heroes. Not only it helps in filtering the waste products from the blood but it also helps to regulate blood pressure which helps in keeping the electrolyte levels in balance and helps in the production of red blood cells.

In some cases, when the condition has become worse then the only choice is to get the kidney transplant. If you or your loved one is facing the kidney-related health issue then get in touch with the best urologist in Ludhiana.


Tips to avoid Kidney damage

Exercise Regularly

  • Studies have shown that obesity is linked to kidney damage. If you are overweight then you need to start working out. You need to exercise for around 30 to 45 minutes or 4 to 5 days a week.
  • Some of the exercises you can include are cycling, running, walking, and swimming. You should pick one which helps you stay motivated to work out each day. If your elderly then try to exercise for around 15 minutes a day for 3 days per week.


Avoid Smoking

Tobacco smoke can lead to serious damage to the kidneys. Cigarettes contain around 4000 particles. The cigarettes are linked to kidney fibrosis in which the kidney tissues turn hard and it can lead to kidney failure. Cigarette smoking can lead to hypertension which can increase blood pressure.


Stop Drinking Alcohol

Alcohol can lead to kidney damage. When metabolized alcohol becomes aldehyde which is a harmful chemical and it can damage the liver and kidney. Alcohol is known for increasing the chance of having heart disease and diabetes.


Avoid drug abuse

Any type of drug that you put in the body is going to get absorbed by the blood and then it helps in filtering the kidneys. The drugs can leave an extremely negative impact on the kidney and this leads to kidney failure which means your kidney will have the harmful toxins.


Treat bacterial infections

This is extremely important if you have a bacterial infection in the urinary tract or kidney, then consult the doctor right away. The doctor will suggest you antibacterial infection to treat the condition and it will be worth it because kidney dealing with a bacterial infection can be of major risk to your health.


Limit the amount of processed food

You need to change the amount of processed food you eat. Processed food contains sodium and phosphorus in large amounts. If the sodium level is extremely high then it increases blood pressure which is going to harm the kidneys. A processed food item that you need to avoid are cakes, muffins, crackers, chicken nuggets, fish sticks, salad dressing, hot dogs, and store-bought cookies.

Kidney Problemkidney stoneUrologist

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Checking for Kidney stone

If you have symptoms related to kidney stones, then imaging is needed which is the first step. For many years, the standard care included abdominal X-ray which is known as intravenous pyelogram. The doctor can also suggest blood tests which include renal function. Your doctor can also do a urinalysis and if the infection is there then urine culture will be sent.

Keeping Kidney stone pain under control

If you are experiencing intense discomfort of kidney stones, pain control is extremely important. Different pain relief medications are given to patients who have acute renal colic. It compared nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with paracetamol or opioids. If you are encountering such an issue then seek medical help right away to get a better understanding of what you need to do.

 Medical therapy for kidney stones

Most evidence suggests that stones that are less than 10mm in diameter have a reasonable chance of passing through the urinary tract. You might be given medical expulsive therapy with the use of alpha-blocker medication like tamsulosin. It is essential to understand that it is an off-label use of the drug. You should discuss the best possible options with the urologist.

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

All shock wave lithotripsy machines deliver shock waves through the skin to the stone in the kidney. Most of the energy but not all of it is delivered to the stone. Stone size is the greatest predictor for treatment success.

  • Stones less than 10 mm in size can be successfully treated
  • For stones 10 to 20 mm in size, additional factors are considered such as stone composition and stone location.
  • Stones larger than 20 mm are not successfully treated with ESWL.

Stone in the lower third of the kidney can prove to be problematic because stone fragments may not be cleaned from the kidney. The fragments can pass easily from the upper third and middle of the kidney.

Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy

The surgeon gains access to kidney stones with ultrasound and a small incision is made in the lower back. A power source such as laser or ultrasound will break the stones into fragments that flush out from the kidney through an internal stent or external tube.

This treatment is considered best for larger kidney stones, lower pole renal stones larger than 1 cm, or complex stones. Some of the possible complications are infection, bleeding, and injury to surrounding organs.


During ureteroscopy, the surgeon places a tube through the urethra and bladder into the ureter which goes all the way up to the kidney. During the process, flexible instruments are used that helps the surgeon to get the inside view of the urethra. The urologist can even place a postoperative stent for a few days.