Everything you need to know about Laparoscopic Kidney Stone Removal Surgery

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Everything you need to know about Laparoscopic Kidney Stone Removal Surgery

  • October 29, 2020

  • 9 Views

Punjab: If you are experiencing a kidney stone problem, then you should meet the best urologist in Ludhiana. Keeping kidney problems in mind, we are going to talk about the causes, symptoms, types and Laparoscopy Surgery method.

Overview of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are also known as renal lithiasis is a hard mineral which is small in size present in the kidney of the person. The stone present in the kidney is made up of salts as well as minerals which attack the urinary tract to the kidney to the bladder. The person who is having a stone problem should drink lots of water to pass the stone from urine. Passing the stone from urine might be painful but this is the easiest way. But if stone won’t be able to pass through urine, then there is a need for surgery

What are the different types of kidney stones?

There are different types of stone found in people that are mentioned below:

Calcium Stone

In the form of calcium oxalate, the calcium stone is present in the patient’s kidney. Oxalate is a substance which is found in vegetables, fruits, chocolates and nuts as well as your liver also produces. Due to excess consumption of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery, metabolic diseases and much more cause calcium stone.

Uric acid stone

These are the types of stone which occur in the kidney of the people who don’t drink enough water and release many fluids. Genetic factors are also responsible for uric acid stone.

Struvite Stone

This is a type of stone which is found in the people in the form of urinary tract infection. Showing a few symptoms to the people it can grow faster.

Cystine Stone

The people with the hereditary disorder are going to have cystine stone. It affects the kidney as well as pass amino acid too much.

What are the symptoms?

  • The person experiences pain while urinating.
  • Nausea
  • Puke
  • The urine of the person will be in pink, brown or red.
  • Fever

Above- mentioned are the symptoms which people might experience that cause kidney stone problems.

What are the causes?

  • The person is not staying hydrated.
  • Infections
  • Medications

 

What is laparoscopic surgery?

It is a surgery in which the surgeon will perform the surgery by giving general anaesthesia to the patient. In the surgery, the surgeon will make small cuts in the abdomen of the patient. He will remove the stone through small incisions. After the surgery, the surgeon will put a stent inside the urine tract and he will remove that after 1 to 2 weeks.

Why is Laparoscopic Kidney Stone Removal Surgery beneficial for you?

The laparoscopic surgery is having numerous advantages mentioned below:

  • The person will experience less pain.
  • Minimizes hospitalization.
  • The person will recover fastly.
  • The stone of the patient will be removed in one time.
  • The person with an ectopic kidney, this is beneficial for them.
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Checking for Kidney stone

If you have symptoms related to kidney stones, then imaging is needed which is the first step. For many years, the standard care included abdominal X-ray which is known as intravenous pyelogram. The doctor can also suggest blood tests which include renal function. Your doctor can also do a urinalysis and if the infection is there then urine culture will be sent.

Keeping Kidney stone pain under control

If you are experiencing intense discomfort of kidney stones, pain control is extremely important. Different pain relief medications are given to patients who have acute renal colic. It compared nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with paracetamol or opioids. If you are encountering such an issue then seek medical help right away to get a better understanding of what you need to do.

 Medical therapy for kidney stones

Most evidence suggests that stones that are less than 10mm in diameter have a reasonable chance of passing through the urinary tract. You might be given medical expulsive therapy with the use of alpha-blocker medication like tamsulosin. It is essential to understand that it is an off-label use of the drug. You should discuss the best possible options with the urologist.

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

All shock wave lithotripsy machines deliver shock waves through the skin to the stone in the kidney. Most of the energy but not all of it is delivered to the stone. Stone size is the greatest predictor for treatment success.

  • Stones less than 10 mm in size can be successfully treated
  • For stones 10 to 20 mm in size, additional factors are considered such as stone composition and stone location.
  • Stones larger than 20 mm are not successfully treated with ESWL.

Stone in the lower third of the kidney can prove to be problematic because stone fragments may not be cleaned from the kidney. The fragments can pass easily from the upper third and middle of the kidney.

Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy

The surgeon gains access to kidney stones with ultrasound and a small incision is made in the lower back. A power source such as laser or ultrasound will break the stones into fragments that flush out from the kidney through an internal stent or external tube.

This treatment is considered best for larger kidney stones, lower pole renal stones larger than 1 cm, or complex stones. Some of the possible complications are infection, bleeding, and injury to surrounding organs.

 Ureteroscopy

During ureteroscopy, the surgeon places a tube through the urethra and bladder into the ureter which goes all the way up to the kidney. During the process, flexible instruments are used that helps the surgeon to get the inside view of the urethra. The urologist can even place a postoperative stent for a few days.