Diagnosis And Treatment For Small And Large Kidney Stones
Kidney stone is an issue that many people suffer from. But do not worry; there are non-surgical and surgical ways to eliminate it. But how does one diagnose kidney stones?
Let us see some of the techniques that the urologist in dmc ludhiana uses to diagnose kidney stones in their patient.
Diagnosis Technique For Kidney Stones
In case your doctor suspects a kidney stone, then these are some of the tests or procedures that they might conduct to diagnose it.
- Blood testing
With the help of a blood test, the doctor will be able to notice the amount of calcium and uric acid in your blood, indicating the presence of stones in you. Apart from that, it also helps in monitoring the kidney’s health. It is an excellent starter to check for other medical conditions.
- Urine testing
Another test that the doctor will perform in a Kidney Hospital in Punjab is a urine test. It is a 24-hour collection examination that will show whether or not you are excreting too many minerals which form a stone. For this test, the doctor will ask you to conduct two urine collections over two successive days.
With the help of this method, the doctor will be able to see the kidney stones in the urinary tract helping in curating the Kidney stone surgery treatment in Punjab. Dual-energy or high-speed Computerized Tomography (CT) might also reveal the tiny stones. The doctor uses simple abdominal X-rays less compared to others as they can miss the small kidney stones during imaging.
Another imaging technique that is gaining a lot of popularity is a noninvasive test: Ultrasound. It is a quick and easy way to diagnose a kidney stone without any hassle.
- Analysis of passed stones
In this process, the doctor might ask you to urinate through a strainer so that it catches the stones that you pass. Then the lab analysis will disclose the makeup of your kidney stones. With this information, your doctor will determine the actual cause of kidney stones and their treatment.
Treatment For Kidney Stones
- Treatment for Small kidney stones with minimal symptoms
Most kidney stones would not require invasive treatment. You can pass the small stones by:
- Drink 2 to 3 quarts of water (1.8 to 3.6 liters) daily. This will help you dilute urine and stop the formation of stones.
- Pain relievers can help you get relief from the mild pain you experience.
- Medical therapy is a medication that will help you pass kidney stones. It is also known as an alpha-blocker that relaxes the ureter muscles. Thus pass the kidney stones efficiently with less pain.
- Treatment for large kidney stones with maximum symptoms
Kidney stones that do not dissolve by themselves can cause bleeding or other kidney damage, or urinary tract infection. Some treatments for them are:
- Sound waves help break the stone in certain cases based on the location and the size.
- Surgical procedures such as invasion of small telescopes and instruments.