Everything you need to know about undergoing Gallbladder stone surgery
Gallbladder treatment Gallstones surgery in Ludhiana: The gallbladder is a small bag which is the shape and size of a pear that is present underneath the liver and in the abdomen right side. It helps to concentrate and store the bile produced by the liver. If you are facing a problem then you should consult the best urologist in Ludhiana.
What are the gallbladder stones?
Gallbladder stones are crystalline masses that are formed in the bile ducts or gallbladder from bile pigments, calcium salts, and cholesterol. They result in severe pain and blockage. Gallstones are of 2 types which include pigment stones and cholesterol stones.
What is Cholecystitis?
It is referred to as the gallbladder inflammation. It mostly occurs when the bile flow is stopped or affected by the stone presence or some kind of infection. It results in symptoms like nausea, fever, vomiting, severe abdominal pain, and malaise.
What are the causes of Gallbladder stones?
This problem is often seen in people who are overweight, the presence of excess estrogen, biliary infection, excessive dieting, hereditary blood disorders, and consuming cholesterol-reducing drugs.
What are the symptoms of Gallbladder stones?
- Severe pain in the right upper abdomen that increases and may last for a few minutes to several hours
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pain under the right shoulder
- Pain in the back between the shoulder blades
Other insignificant symptoms of gallstones include:
- Abdominal bloating (gas formation)
- Recurring intolerance to fatty foods
What are the tests performed to diagnose gallstone?
- Blood tests
- Complete blood count
- Cholescintigraphy (HIDA scan)
- Liver function test
- Coagulation profile
- Abdominal ultrasound
- Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
- Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
What are the possible treatment options?
The gallbladder is removed with a surgical procedure which is known as Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. The gallbladder is removed with the use of long narrow instruments by making small incisions in the abdomen.
Gallbladder surgery is performed by the specialists to remove the gallbladder which is the only best way to do that. This is done using the conventional method or with a laparoscopic method which is referred to as the Gold Standard. The surgeon makes tiny punctures in the abdomen and surgical instruments are added and a miniature telescope which has a video camera attached to it is put in the abdomen.
The camera helps to show the image from inside the body and helps the surgeon to have a close look at the tissues and organs. The gallbladder is removed by making the small incision. Recovery is possible within a few hours but the patient needs to take one or 2 day rest at home. Laparoscopic surgery is considered best because it does not damage the muscle, pain is less, and wound complications are reduced.
What are the benefits of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
- Patients have minimal postoperative pain.
- Patients have a faster recovery as compared to the patients who undergo open gallbladder surgery.
- Early recovery with minimal discomfort.
Patients can go back to normal activity within less time.