What are kidney stones and when is the time you need to get surgery?
What are kidney stones?
These are hard deposits that occur due to the different mineral and chemical combinations in the body. Kidney stones are painful and they can affect the urinary tract. Research has shown that every year around 3 million people consult the health care expert for this issue. Most of the cases are severe and it is important to get the medical intervention on time by consulting the best urologist in Ludhiana. In many cases, Laparoscopy Surgery In Ludhiana is the preferred choice by the doctor to treat the kidney stone.
What do you need to know about the diagnosis?
- You need to get a blood test done to find out the uric acid presence of calcium in the body.
- A urine test is a great option to check the kidney stone presence.
- You should get imaging procedures like CT scans or X-rays which are used for detection and checking the kidney stone.
What are the factors which tell you that you need to get surgery for kidney stones?
If the stone does not pass and it has been around 4 to 6 weeks, then it is considered a dangerous situation. To avoid the chances of infections or complications it is essential to get the surgical procedure on time.
- Larger stone
If the stone is large and it is not able to pass on its own, then make sure you undergo the surgery. Normally, the stone passes through the urine but the large stones will have an issue to flush out from the body on their own.
- Kidney stones are stuck
In some cases, the stone gets stuck in the urinary tract and only the surgical options can correct the problem. If you do not get the surgery on time, the pain increases and the problem becomes worse.
- Additional complications
If the problem is severe then complications can increase and there can be an infection in the urinary tract. The ideal choice is to get the surgery to correct the issue. As per your condition, the medical expert will tell you whether you need surgical intervention right away or not.
- Kidney tissue damage
The kidney stone can damage the kidney tissue which makes the entire situation worse. If the problem gets in excess, there is bleeding and sometimes the urine contains blood. If you have this issue then make sure to consult the doctor on time and get the surgery done.
The surgery needed for the stone removal is not a major one but if you do not get it on time then it can be a life-threatening issue. Technological advancement has helped to reduce the chances of infection after the surgery. With time, the treatment is getting better and it has improved the treatment results to a great extent.
What are the procedures done for kidney stone removal?
Different procedures which can be done are:
- Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)
- PerCutaneous NephroLithotomy (PCNL)
- Ureterorenoscopy (URS)
- Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS)
- Laparoscopic Stone Management
- Open Surgery