Nephrotic Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

nephrologist in Ludhiana

Nephrotic Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

  • August 5, 2023


Kidney filter damage causes nephrotic syndrome. These filters prevent the protein in your blood from going into your urine. The urine leaks excess protein when they are damaged. Blood vessel fluid balance can be upset if your body loses important proteins. The imbalance causes some of the fluid to leak into your tissues, resulting in swelling, called oedema. There might be swelling around your eyes, legs, or ankles. Having too much protein in your urine can make it foamy. 

Contact Aastha Hospital, one of the best hospitals in Ludhiana, if you have more issues.

Let’s look at nephrotic syndrome causes symptoms and treatments.

Signs and Symptoms

Check out these signs and symptoms of pneumonia as described by the nephrologist in Ludhiana:

  • Excessive urine albumin excretion (albuminuria)
  • Blood fats and cholesterol are high (hyperlipidemia)
  • The swelling of the feet, ankles, or legs, as well as the hands and face (oedema)
  • Albumin levels in the blood are low (hypoalbuminemia)
  • Weight loss
  • Feeling sick
  • Abdominal pain (from ribs to pelvis)
  • Foamy urine


  • The kidneys filter blood with glomeruli, which are tiny blood vessels. Nephrotic syndrome results from damaged glomeruli.
  • Many diseases and conditions can damage the glomerulus, including diabetic kidney disease, minimal change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, membrane nephropathy, and systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • Several secondary factors can contribute to nephrotic syndrome, including infections such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, allergic reactions, kidney disorders, and genetic conditions.
  • Membranous nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and minimal change disease cause nephrotic syndrome.



  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) reduce protein loss and regulate blood pressure.
  • Diuretics (medicines that remove excess water from the body) can reduce swelling.
  • People with nephrotic syndrome may benefit from statins for lowering cholesterol levels. However, it is unclear whether they improve their outcomes.
  • Several blood thinners may be used to decrease blood clot formation, including heparin, warfarin, dabigatran, apixaban, and rivaroxaban.

Final words

This blog gives all the details about Nephrotic Syndrome. This issue is very common nowadays, and you can contact the best nephrologist in Ludhiana to get it treated.