Oligozoospermia: Its Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, And Treatment

A Thread On Oligozoospermia

Oligozoospermia: Its Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, And Treatment

  • July 1, 2022


It is one of the infertility issues that males suffer from. Contrary to popular beliefs, infertility is not a gendered-based problem. In fact, both men and women can be infertile, leading to difficulty conceiving a child.

Almost 10 to 15 % of the couples worldwide suffer from fertility health problems at the time of their childbearing age. All in all, nearly 30% of the real cause of infertility is because of the female factor, and 30 % is because of the male factor. The remaining 30% of the infertility cases include problems in both partners, whereas the remaining 10% of the situations are due to unexplained infertility.


According to the urologist in DMC Ludhiana, “low sperm count” is indeed one of the primary reasons for infertility among men. It is also known as Oligozoospermia Or Oligospermia. It is basically a condition wherein it indicates that your semen does not contain an adequate amount of sperm required for conceiving. Sperm count is the number of sperm that are present in 1 ml of semen.

An average sample of semen contains around 40 million to 300 million sperm in them per milliliter. Whereas we consider low sperm count to be approximately 10 to 30 million per milliliter. This means that a body requires more than 20 million sperm to get pregnant.

Let us now delve into the symptoms of male infertility “oligospermia” in order to diagnose and treat it accordingly by a Kidney specialist In Ludhiana. 

What Are The Symptoms Of Oligospermia?

In many cases, men do not notice any symptoms that might indicate low sperm count and are oblivious to its consequences. It is rather too late to rectify it when they get to learn about this problem.


The only way one can imagine getting to learn about this cognition is when they are unable to conceive a child naturally. However, there are cases when you can observe some warning signs that might warn you about this condition. Some of those common symptoms include:

  • Having a swollen or enlarged vein in the scrotum
  • Observing thick discharge
  • Experiencing pain, lumps, or swelling in the testicle areas.
  • Decrease in facial or body hair or any other signs that might indicate you have a hormonal imbalance.
  • Having sexual disabilities such as inability to get and maintain an erection or other ejaculatory problems.
  • There are also circumstances wherein they might face pain while urinating because of infection.

 Diagnosis Of Oligospermia

The doctor diagnosed the problem with the help of a semen test. This examination determines the sperm count, its quality, mobility, and normal or abnormal morphology forms. Diagnosing the real cause is very important as it will allow the doctor to conduct the Oligozoospermia treatment in Punjab to help overcome the issues without any complications.

 What Are The Causes Of Oligozoospermia?

There are three big factors that might be the reason behind Oligozoospermia. The three factors include:

  1. Medical factors
  2. Lifestyle factors
  3. Environmental factors 

Treatment For Oligozoospermia

  • Surgery
  • Medication
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Hormonal treatment
  • Assistant reproductive techniques (ART)