Prostate Cancer Detection and Treatment: The Latest Advances
Clinical trials ensure that new therapies and drugs are safe and effective before the FDA approves them in prostate cancer treatments. As soon as these therapies are approved, they become the standard of care for patients. Patients with prostate cancer in the early stages have a survival rate of nearly 100 per cent. It is vital to develop new advanced prostate cancer drugs because if the disease has spread to distant parts of the body, the survival rate for progressive prostate cancer is just 30%. Let’s learn more about the latest advances in Prostate Surgery in Ludhiana.
Biopsy diagnosis of prostate cancer
For the diagnosis of prostate cancer, a biopsy is considered the gold standard. In traditional prostate biopsy procedures, ultrasound guides the surgeon through the rectum and into the prostate. It is still common to use this approach. Still, it can cause infection in patients and pose challenges for surgeons when reaching specific areas of the prostate.
Transperineal biopsy is one of the newest methods of performing a biopsy. During this procedure, a surgeon uses a needle to access the prostate through the perineum, the area between the testicles and the anus. As a result, the patient is less likely to contract an infection. The surgeon can reach challenging prostate areas more easily.
An MRI typically identifies a high-risk area before both biopsy procedures.
PET imaging for cancer detection
A physician must also determine if prostate cancer has spread to other body parts once a patient has been diagnosed. It is determined by several factors (PSA levels, Gleason scores, and T staging). It is possible for a patient with high metastatic risk or who has already received prostate cancer treatment to qualify for PSMA PET imaging – prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission testing – if his serum prostate antigen levels are elevated during a follow-up visit.
Through PSMA PET imaging, prostate cancer can be more precisely detected and treated more effectively. This exam uses an imaging agent far superior to earlier ones to detect prostate cancer that may have spread to other parts of the body.
Prostate cancer immunotherapy
Cancer cells in the body are attacked by immunotherapy by signalling the patient’s immune system. Strengthening the body’s defences against cancer with substances from the patient or synthetically made. After cancer has metastasised to other parts of the body, advanced prostate cancer treatments typically include Sipuleucel-T. Patients with advanced and early-stage prostate cancer can access the latest therapies through clinical trials.
So, these are some of the latest advances in prostate cancer. With the rise in technology, you will now have more chances due to life-saving tricks.
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