Ectopic/ Malrotated Kidney/ Horshoe Kidney

What is an ectopic kidney?

An ectopic kidney is a birth condition that involves an irregular location of the kidney. In most cases, there are no complaints to people with an ectopic kidney. Among some, urine complications, such as blockage of the bladder, inflammation, or urinary stones, can occur from the ectopic kidney. Scientists reveal that only one person experiences an ectopic kidney from 1,000 persons.

What makes a kidney ectopic?

The kidneys of a baby first emerge as buds in the pelvic near the bladder during fetal development. As the fetal kidneys grow, they slowly climb into the usual position near the back of the rib cage. Occasionally one of the kidneys doesn’t go up. After taking part in climbing development, it can stop. And in the pelvis, it can live. There are seldom 2 ectopic kidneys for an infant.

What triggers a malrotated kidney?

Until conception, as the kidneys shift location and orientation they usually proceed through a series of complicated developmental phases. Malrotated kidneys arise where such measures are not usually done and the kidney finishes in an irregular location or orientation. In addition, sonograms are readily treated for malrotated kidneys. Kidney abnormalities are often found in a child who is otherwise healthy, sometimes noticed in a prenatal sonogram before birth, and are unlikely to affect health. In adults, malrotation of the kidney may be seen if a person has a completely different reason for having body imaging.

Horseshoe Kidney

Majority of people are born with 2 kidneys. Yet the kidneys also join together. If you or your child has this disorder, the details below may help you speak with your urologist. In approximately 1 in 500 children, horseshoe kidney occurs. This occurs when the kidneys shift into their usual place during fetal development. The kidneys with horseshoes are fused together at the lower end or base as the kidneys of the fetus rise from the pelvic area. As a horseshoe, they form into a U form. This is expected to occur more often in men than in women.

Signs or symptoms

Symptoms of this abnormality can be seen in up to 7 out of 10 children and adults.These may contain:

  • Severe pain in the uterus
  • Blocks of the renal or kidney stones
  • Nausea
  • Infections of the urinary tract

Treatment for an ectopic kidney

If you do not find a blockage of your urinary function normal, then no ectopic kidney treatment will be needed. If there is some improvement, the doctor will keep track of the condition. If tests indicate that obstruction is present, surgery may be needed to correct the kidney position to ensure better urine drainage. The surgeon may attach the ureter to the bladder in order to correct reflux and keep the urine from flowing into the bladder.

Treatment for Horseshoe Kidney

If there are no signs, medication might not be needed. There is no solution for horseshoes, however if they present complications, the effects may be treated. Urinary blockage (obstruction) and blockage flow of urine (vesicoureteral reflux) back from the bladder are very common in horseshoe kidney patients. Everything can be resolved by the surgery.


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When do I contact the doctor?

You need to consult the doctor immediately in case of seizures and blackouts. While some of these symptoms may be a result of other medical condition, it is always advisable to receive immediate medical attention. Repeated seizures can cause serious injury and must never be ignored.

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