Glomerular Disease

The swelling of the tiny or small filters of the kidney like glomeruli is glomerulonephritis. Excess fluids, electrolytes, and waste are removed and passed into your urine by glomeruli in your bloodstream. Suddenly acute or gradually chronic glomerulonephritis may occur. Glomerulonephritis develops individually or as part of a related condition such as diabetes or lupus. Significant or sustained glomerulonephritis inflammation may destroy your kidneys. The type of glomerulonephritis you have may depend upon your diagnosis.

Symptoms

Symptoms of glomerulonephritis depend on your problem form, type, and condition. The signs and symptoms include:

  • Red blood cell pink or colored urine in your urine (hematuria)
  • Excess fat foamy urine due to proteinuria or excess protein.
  • Blood pressure elevation or hypertension
  • Fluid retention or edema of your face, hands, feet, and abdomen with swelling

Causes

Glomerulonephritis can occur in several cases. The disease sometimes takes place in families and the cause is sometimes unknown. Conditions for inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidneys include:

Infections

  • Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis.
  • Bacterial endocarditis.
  • Viral infections such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.

Immune diseases

  • Lupus
  • Goodpasture’s syndrome.
  • nephropathy

Vasculitis

  • Polyarteritis
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

Conditions likely to cause scarring of the glomeruli

  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.
  • Diabetic kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy).
  • High blood pressure

Chronic glomerulonephritis also takes place in families. Alport syndrome, a legacy form, can also impair listening or vision. Besides the above causes, certain cancers, including multiple myeloma, pulmonary cancer, and chronic Lymphocytic leukemia, are associated with glomerulonephritis.

Diagnosis

If the daily urinalysis becomes irregular, glomerulonephritis often occurs. Tests to determine and evaluate the activity of the kidney include:

  • Urine test
  • Blood tests
  • Imaging tests
  • Kidney biopsy

Treatment

Treatment of glomerulonephritis depends on below-mentioned factors-:

  • If the disease is severe or persistent
  • The underlying cause of this condition
  • The type and seriousness of your symptoms and signs

A few cases of acute glomerulonephritis that improve on their own and involve no medication, especially following a strep-infection. In the event of an underlying cause, such as hypertension, an infection, or an autoimmune disease, the underlying cause is addressed. You may need to undergo Therapies for associated kidney failure such as kidney dialysis and kidney transplant.

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