RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery)

The success of the surgery depends on what type of tool and treatment is used during the procedure. The surgeon needs to use the right kind of equipment to check the internal issues of the patient which helps in conducting the surgery correctly.

Additionally, it is also used to remove kidney stones and perform other surgical methods.

What is Retrograde Intrarenal surgery?

RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery) is the method of viewing tube which is known as a fiberoptic endoscope which is passed during the surgery to the kidney. The fiber-optic is flexible which makes it easy to bend with the renal system and it can easily go into the kidney and ureter.
The tube is moved to the ureter to the part which collects urine and then it helps in visualizing different parts of the kidney. Following that, the thin laser fiber is passed through the stone and scope which are powdered into very small particles which makes it easier to wash out with urine or through saline irrigation.
The best part of the treatment is, no incision is needed and the patient is given either local or general anesthesia. Our specialist urologist will perform the surgery to give you the best treatment.

Who can get benefit from RIRS?

The surgery is needed to perform inside the kidney without the need of getting any outside cuts. The instrument is moved up and through the urethra, and then placed into the kidney with the help of a live X-ray i.e. fluoroscopy. The procedure is minimally invasive, and it is a perfect option to treat complex cases with ease. Some of the causes include:

  • Strictures in the kidney
  • Kidney stones that are too large
  • Kidney stones in children
  • Failures in other treatment methods
  • Bleeding disorders in the kidneys
  • Obese patients

What all goes during the surgery?

The patient needs to get a regular check-up before the surgery to make sure their health is stable. In some cases, the DJ stent needs to be inserted at least 14 days before the surgery. This surgery can take around 1 to 2 hours. This surgery is required for the patients that have kidney stones measuring 1.5cm in diameter.
The patient needs to take proper rest for at least one day after the surgery. Drink plenty of water for proper urine output. The patient will be discharged from the hospital according to his or her condition. Patients will be advised to take the medication for 5 days. One week following the surgery, patients need to visit the doctor again to make sure the stones are cleared from the body.

Benefits of RIRS

Typically, the UPJ obstruction is found through an ultrasound. In some cases, the obstruction might not be seen until the time of birth. In some cases, different family members can suffer from the condition. Following birth, different tests can be performed which includes:

  • RIRS leads to a quicker extraction of stones compared to traditional methods.
  • The entire process does not lead to much pain.
  • The blood loss is minimal and no damage is caused to the renal tissue.
  • The recovery process is fast.

In a single sitting, the process of clearing the stone is effective.


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