Urethral Tumour

Urethral Tumour treatment in Ludhiana, Punjab

What is Urethral Cancer?

Urethral cancer is the rarest form of urological cancer. It is common in men as compared to women. Some people with urethral cancer do not show any symptoms.

What is the Urethra?

The urethra is a hollow tube that lets urine pass from the bladder, the organ which stores urine until it is ready for release from the body.

What are the symptoms of urethra cancer?

In the early stages, the patient does not show any symptoms. With cancer growth, patients can notice a growth or lump in the urethra. In some cases, urination comes with pain or bleeding. The person can pass blood from the urethra, urethra gets restricted or tumors narrow down.

What are the causes of urethral cancer?

  • Stage 0
  • Stage I (IA, IB, IS)
  • Stage II (IIA, IIB, IIC)
  • Stage III (IIIA, IIIB, IIIC)

Diagnosis of testicular cancer

Testicular Self-Exam

The exact reason for urethral cancer is not known. But, sometimes infection and swelling can increase the risk. Many men treated with this cancer are given treatment for STIs or USD. Many women are previously treated for urethral caruncle (mass), chronic UTI, or urethral diverticulum (outpouching). Even if the bladder is removed for bladder cancer, urethral cancer can still develop. To stay healthy, you need to take the help of the urologist for routine check-ups. If cancer cells are there, then the entire urethra or some part will be removed.

How is the problem diagnosed?

The best urologist will do a physical examination and ask about your health history. They can ask you about other health issues which link to urethral cancer which includes:

  • Urethral Stricture
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Urethral Caruncle (small mass)
  • Urethral Diverticulum (outpouching)
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Bladder Cancer

The urologist will check urethra for abnormalities. The doctor will do different blood and urine tests.

What are the possible treatment options?

Every patient with urethral cancer has the best treatment option for better health. It is grouped into different categories which include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy

The most common way to treat patients with urethral cancer is surgery. Different methods can be used which depends on whether cancer is invasive or superficial.

Superficial Cancers

If the tumor has not grown into nearby tissues then it is removed with a cystoscope. To remove the tumor, an electrical loop is used.

Invasive Tumors

Some patients need surgery to remove cancer growth. In some cases, urethral cancer is in the anterior urethra and local surgery treats the issue. Radical surgery is needed for the posterior urethra and it gives the best results.

What happens after the treatment?

Even after aggressive therapy with radiation therapy, surgery, and radiation therapy, urethral cancer can come back. You must visit a doctor for follow-ups visits and consult the health care team in case of need. It is essential to check the problem for recurrence at the right time. This is the reason, the patient is recommended the following tests:

  • Physical exam
  • CT scan
  • Chest x-ray
  • Lab work

If you have a urethra, you need to consult the doctor for follow-ups. Every 3 months following the treatment, you need to visit the doctor for:

  • Cystoscopy
  • Retrograde urethrogram
  • CT scan
  • Urethral wash

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When do I contact the doctor?

You need to consult the doctor immediately in case of seizures and blackouts. While some of these symptoms may be a result of other medical condition, it is always advisable to receive immediate medical attention. Repeated seizures can cause serious injury and must never be ignored.

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