Which is considered the best treatment option for prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in the world. This cancer affects cells present in the prostate gland which is important for the functioning of the male reproductive system. If you are facing a problem then make sure to consult the best urologist in Ludhiana. In many cases, the doctor can suggest the option of laparoscopy surgery treatment to improve the patient’s condition.
Treatment options for prostate cancer
Surgery is performed to remove the prostate and surrounding of the healthy tissues. There are different ways in which this can be done.
Radical retropubic prostatectomy
This surgical procedure is to remove the prostate and seminal vesicles. The surgeon will make an incision in the lower abdomen which stretches from the belly button and then reach the pubic bones which help to remove the prostate which is present near the tissues. The patient is given general anesthesia. The surgery is also called open prostatectomy and the oldest method for treating prostate cancer.
Radical perineal prostatectomy
During the surgery, an incision is made in the area between the anus and scrotum. The operation is performed for less time. However, it is not suggested for 2 main reasons.
- First of all the surgery has a higher risk of erectile dysfunction.
- Secondly, it is not possible to take out the lymph nodes with this procedure.
Nowadays the surgeon performs this method as it is less invasive as compared to radical prostatectomy and recovery time is less.
During the surgery, the surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen and a camera is inserted to see the inside view. According to your condition, the doctor will let you know what needs to be done which surgical procedure is best for you.
Robotic laparoscopic prostatectomy
During the surgery, a small incision is made in the abdomen and the entire process is performed with the help of robotic arms. With this surgery, there is less pain, less blood loss, and recovery time is less.
Radiation therapy involves the delivery of high-energy X-rays that target cancer cells. Also, radiation therapy can be used in the following conditions:
- To treat low-grade cancers present in the prostate gland, when the cure rates are the same as radical prostatectomy.
- Used with hormone therapy, to treat cancers that are outside the prostate.
Radiation therapy is of 2 types which include external beam radiation therapy and brachytherapy.
Chemo sessions are done for the patients when cancer cells have spread outside the glands and when hormonal therapy is effective. Some of the commonly used chemo drugs are mentioned below:
- Docetaxel (Taxotere)
- Estramustine (Emcyt)
- Cabazitaxel (Jevtana)
- Mitoxantrone (Novantrone)